A Collection Of Pictures Of Agave Varieties "A Collection Of Pictures Of Identifying Agave Varieties"

Phnom Penh Agave Phnom Penh Agave is a typical species of agave, commonly used in garden cultivation. Also known as Phnom Penh Lotus Agave Phnom Penh Fake Pineapple Phnom Penh Agave is a perennial evergreen herb with short stems, lignification and many leaves. Each leaf is sword-shaped, ranging in size, 5 to 7cm wide, and sometimes the leaf length can be as long as 1m; first, what is agave? It is a herbaceous plant of the genus Agave in the family Asparagaceae, also known as Agave palm. Fenugreek is a perennial evergreen plant. Its origin is in the tropical areas of America. Currently, it is cultivated in South my country and Southwest China. The leaves of this plant are arranged in a rosette shape and are fleshy.

In terms of varieties, Pulque is a fermented alcohol made from the heart of agave grass through fermentation. It was first discovered by the ancient Indian civilization. It has many religious uses and is the basis of all tequila. The prototype is still available in many areas of Mexico because it has not been distilled and has a low alcohol content.

What are the rare varieties of agave?

1. Tequila, also known as "Tequila", is a specialty of Mexico. It is called the soul of Mexico. Tequila is a small town in Mexico. This wine is named after its place of origin. Tequila is sometimes also called Tequila. It is called "tequila" spirit because the raw material of this wine is very special, the American agave . Agave is a plant of the Agave family, usually.

2. The picture of Phnom Penh Agave comes from the Internet. Sisal and agave belong to the Agave family and are very similar in appearance. Sisal is often used in landscaping, so some people easily mistake sisal for a dragon. In terms of appearance, sisal has a relatively long woody above-ground stem, which is much longer than that of agave, which is between the two.

3. Agave, variety, um, I don’t know the picture%C1%FA%C9%E0%C0%BCword=%C1%FA%C9%E0%C0%BCtn=baiduimagect=592cl=2lm=1fm=hao123#pn =0 Agave is also known as agave, but it is not aloe vera.

4. There are three main varieties of Tequila: Phnom Penh Agave, Striped Agave, Queen Victoria Agave. 1 Phnom Penh Tequila is the most important agave variety and is also an ornamental one. The most valuable one is derived from the golden spots of the American agave . The American agave is cultivated all over the world. Its characteristics are:

5. 3 Sunshine agave prefers light and should always be placed outside to receive sunlight. However, the flower and leaf varieties need to be properly shaded in summer to keep the color fresh and tender. In winter, if the light in the location is dark, the temperature should be kept low. Do not water and keep dry, otherwise it will rot. Lighting should be restored immediately in spring. The temperature of 4 is suitable for agave.

6. This is a subspecies of agave, which is also called agave subspecies in books.

7. It should be said that strictly speaking it is not an agave. It is called "Yemen Iron" here in Hainan. The one similar to it with yellow leaf veins is "Golden Heart Yemen Iron", and there is a similar one with shorter and thicker leaves. The most concentrated one is "Beauty Iron", which is very easy to maintain. First of all, it should be placed in a well-lit place to avoid direct sunlight, and then it depends on the weather.

8. The agave varieties suitable for home potting include Huayan Yellow Jade Pan, also known as Chulu, Princess Sasa no Snow, Princess Raijin, Thunder God Princess Kinpo Mira, also known as Jilong Tongue, Taki's white silk blowing, Niwang Crown, also known as Dragon. Yan Xianzhixue Hu's wine bottle, etc.

9. It’s not agave, it’s Sansevieria Phnom Penh. Can I give you a website address htm for the cultivation method? fr=ala0_1_1.

Complete picture and price of agave varieties

Agave stricta varrubiginosa is a variant of Agave stricta, a succulent plant in the Agave family. It is also called red rusty agave. Agave stricta varrubiginosa is characterized by slender and thick leaves, blue-green in color, and with Red rust spots.

Agave americana L, also known as Agave americana L, belongs to the Agave family. Agave is a perennial evergreen large-scale herbaceous plant. It has strong leaves, evergreen all year round, yellow-green flowers, and bulbils formed on the inflorescence after flowering. In some places of origin, it usually takes decades to bloom. After blooming, the mother plant dies and cross-pollination is required.

Agave and sisal are not the same plant. The differences are as follows: 1. Different flowers and leaves. Characteristics of agave flowers and leaves. Agave blooms very rarely in the tropical areas where it is native. It takes about ten years or even longer to bloom once. The flowers bloom in very large inflorescences that can grow up to 78 meters tall, making them the longest inflorescences in the world.

Princess Thor White Spot is a perennial plant, succulent plant, and artificially cultivated species of the genus Agave in the Asparagaceae family.

Stars Turn Into Blood Demons To Perfectly Interpret The Classic First Three Moves PK Strategy Analysis

Positioning of the Three Secret Techniques of Blood Demon

Positioning of the Three Secret Techniques of Blood Demon

What he practices is the Blood Demon Demonic Path, one of the three secret techniques of the Demonic Path. As the most murderous lineage among the three demonic paths, its practice method is to use one's own blood as a guide to stimulate the potential of the body and consciousness. Because the practice method is extremely extreme and dangerous, there are very few people who can pass on this secret method. However, the true blood demon warriors are the enemy's nightmare. In the world of cultivation, their appearance is the announcement of death. The Blood Demon Sect has always advocated freedom and understanding. There is no specific form in the inheritance process of the skills. Only those with an unswerving will and spirit can practice the Blood Demon Way. For this reason, when the founder of the Blood Demon Sect first founded the sect, he used his Nascent Soul to refine a demon list with consciousness. Only those who can pass the test and leave their name on it are qualified to practice the secret method of the Blood Demon.


Blood Demon PK skill analysis

The skill combo combination of Star Transformation is a representative of the next-generation action online game. The combination of character release skills, light skills, and control skills will directly affect the strength of PK. Blood Demon's sect skills are divided into four categories. The first category Heavenly Demon Warfare, the second type of Heavenly Demon, the third type of Soul Slayer, and the fourth type of Ghost Blade. Water, fire, and earth are the most powerful. Water, including Bone Crushing, Soul Devouring and Killing, has a chance to freeze the target, reduce the target's movement speed by 60%, lasts for several seconds, and cannot be removed by purification skills, Soul Killing Style, and Heart Technique skills, which increase one's own strength by a certain amount and gain a certain amount of understanding. Point, use Soul Eater and kill to increase fighting spirit. Bone Broken can quickly approach the opponent, causing weapon damage plus a few points of physical attack, stunning the opponent for 1 second, and adding a fighting spirit mark. Fire includes Bone Crushing, Soul Devouring and Killing, which have a chance to add some fire attribute damage, and cannot be removed by purification skills. Earth includes several points of increased parry, and Bone Crushing, Soul Devouring, and Killing have a chance to add armor-piercing effects, reducing the target's armor. Armor value can be stacked up to 5 times and cannot be removed by purification skills. Water, fire and earth can flow in my hands and play with the world just as Wu Kequn sings in the song "The Stars Change".

Blood Demon PK Strategy Demystified

When PKing, first add the state of Soul-Slaying Style. If you are about 3 bodies away from the opponent, use Bone Break to hit the opponent to stun the opponent for 1 second and then follow up with Soul Devouring. In this way, there will be two fighting spirit marks. Then chop normally, wait for the soul-eating skill CD to be finished, and use it to engrave 3 Dou Qi Seals directly before using soul-seizing. If your RP is good and your attacks are not parried, the legal profession will be instantly killed. Blood Demon's combo of Bone Crushing + Soul-Breaking Star Transformation into Blood Demon can also quickly approach the target and then carry out a close attack. In addition to a large degree of weapon damage and physical attack damage, it can also cause the target to become comatose and completely lose it for a period of time. Mobility. Once targeted by the Blood Demon, no matter where he is, he can still quickly approach and use his best melee skills. Another combo skill of Gorefiend, perfect for chaotic group battles, especially when under siege. The combination of Sky Splitting + Sky Splitting Type 2/Killing Intent Wave can attack all surrounding targets, and at the same time increase the critical hit rate for fallen targets. Among them, Sky Splitting Type 2 can also add very high damage in addition to weapon damage. In addition, the killing intent wave can release murderous intent to suppress all surrounding hostile targets and turn them into blood demons , greatly reducing their movement speed and attack speed, and also attracting hatred. Entering their attack circle at this time is undoubtedly asking for death.

Melee combat, group combat, or melee combat that actively creates opportunities. The Blood Demon is a murderous meat grinder. The serial attacks of combination skills make their fighting fierce, and everyone who passes by is covered in blood.

Planet Earth Snow Leopard

Starring: David Attenborough

Director: Alastair Fothergill

Type: Movie Region: UK Year: 2005

Introduction: The Namib is the oldest desert on earth. This desolate land is full of mystery and unknown. The Water Skeleton Coast on the edge of the desert On the unstable and dangerous planet Earth , the entire length of the desert is a wilderness that makes people feel awe. The Namib Desert and the Water Skeleton Coast hold many secrets that have always been difficult to understand and master. The Namib is the oldest desert on earth. This desolate land is full of mystery and unknowns. The water-skeleton coast at the edge of the desert is unstable and dangerous, and the entire length of the desert is a wilderness that can't help but awe. The Namib Desert and Water Skeleton Coast hold many secrets that have always been difficult to understand and master. Once upon a time, lions lived in this desert, but people rarely had the chance to see them because they were always hidden in the mysterious shadows. However, these lions suddenly disappeared twenty years ago, leaving people feeling sad and puzzled. Today on planet Earth , a man decided to challenge this mysterious desert. He believed that the most amazing African lions might be hidden here, and they were slowly returning to life. The man's adventures won several 2007 Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Cinematography in Non-Fiction, Outstanding Musical Arrangement, Outstanding Non-Fiction Drama Series, and Outstanding Sound Editing in Non-Fiction. This story is full of adventure and the unknown planet Earth , which fills people with curiosity and expectation, and also allows people to see the awe and exploration spirit of mankind towards the power of nature. The story of the Namib Desert and the missing lions inspires people's endless curiosity and love for the natural world.

play now

Picture Information Of Agave (century Tree)

Whether you call it "agave" or "century tree", why do people give it these two powerful and resounding names? When you see its magnificent plant shape, you may understand why. Especially in their native areas, their huge bodies are amazing! The leaves of agave are strong and powerful, beautiful and generous, and can be viewed all year round, giving people a feeling of tenacious vitality. Agave is a common foliage plant. Whether in gardens in places with warm winters or indoors in places with cold winters, people like to plant this plant that can beautify the environment and help purify the air. plant.

Agave also blooms, which are funnel-shaped light yellow or light yellow-green flowers. The scapes of agave cultivated in the open field in the original place can be as high as 13 meters. However, only plants that are more than ten years old can bloom, and agave flowers only bloom once in its life. Agave americana requires cross-pollination to produce fruit. After the flowers fade or the fruit matures, the entire mother plant dies. When it sees the agave blooming, it is when its life is about to end. It has exhausted its life's experience and at this last moment, it splendidly returns to the American agave to draw a perfect ending for itself.

agave pictures

Basic knowledge about agave

Chinese name: Agave

Alias: century tree, acanthus, American agave

Scientific name: Agave americana

English name: Century Plant

Botanical classification: Angiosperms, Monocots

Plant family: Agaveceae, American agave , Agave

Horticulture classification: perennial evergreen herbaceous plants

Flowering season: Spring and summer (only plants that are more than ten years old can bloom, and they bloom only once in their lifetime.)

Fruit period: Capsules mature in autumn

Flower color: light yellow or light yellow-green

Origin and distribution: Native to tropical America and eastern Mexico. It is found wild in Europe, South Africa, India and Australia. It is now widely cultivated as an ornamental plant throughout the world.

Century tree pictures

Cultivation varieties of agave include:

There are about 300 species of plants in the same genus of agave, mostly produced in Mexico, Central America and the West Indies. Commonly cultivated species similar to this species include:

related articles:

Teacher Recruitment Geography Exam Preparation "Planet Earth" The Movement Of The Earth (1)

【The movement of the earth】

1. The Earth and Globe

【Key Points Summary】

1. Shape and size of the Earth

(1) Shape: An irregular sphere with slightly flattened poles and slightly bulging equator

(2) Size: average radius – 6371 km, equatorial radius – 6378 km, polar radius – 6357 km; equatorial circumference 40,000 kilometers (sitting on the ground and traveling 80,000 miles a day).

Note: Calculation issues of length and radius of any latitude line

If the longitude differs by 1º on the equator, the corresponding arc length is 111km. Similarly, on all longitudes, the arc length of 1º is also 111km. This principle can be used to calculate the actual distance between two points on the earth's surface. The length of 1º arc on the latitude line a is 111cosa.

2. Globe: The earth is reduced to make a model called a globe.

(1) Earth's axis: Turn the globe and you can see that the globe is rotating around an axis. This axis represents the Earth's axis of rotation, the Earth's axis, which always points near the North Star.

(2) North Pole and South Pole: The earth's axis passes through the center of the earth and intersects with the earth's surface at two points. The point pointing toward the North Star is called the North Pole, and the point opposite the North Pole is called the South Pole.

3.Weft line

Definition: On the globe, the circle surrounding the planet Earth in the east-west direction is called a latitude.

Characteristics: ① Except for the poles, all latitude lines are circles and can be called latitudinal circles; ② They gradually shorten from the equator to the north and south poles

Special weft:

Equator: 0º; Tropic of Cancer: 23º26′N; 23º26′S; South and Arctic Circles: 66º34′N; 66º34′S; Low latitudes, middle latitudes and high latitudes: low latitudes (0º-30º), middle latitudes (30º—60º), high latitude (60º—90º)

Function: The latitude line indicates the east-west direction. Determining the east-west direction according to the latitude line is relative. Theoretically speaking, there is no easternmost point or the westernmost point on the earth. Only when the two points are compared can there be distinction between east and west.


Definition: Calibrating different degrees to latitude lines is latitude.

Determination of latitude: The equator is the zero degree latitude on the globe. Latitudes north of the equator are northern latitudes, and latitudes south of the equator are southern latitudes.

The geometric meaning of latitude: R is the radius of the earth, and the degree of latitude m is α.

Division of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres: North of the equator is the Northern Hemisphere, south of the equator is the Southern Hemisphere


Definition: On the globe, a line connecting the north and south poles and perpendicularly intersecting the parallels.

Features: ① All meridians are semicircles; ② The lengths are equal

Special longitude: 180º; 0º; 20ºW; 160ºE

Function: Longitude indicates the north-south direction. Determining the north-south direction according to the longitude is absolute. The North Pole is the northernmost point on the earth, and it is surrounded by the south in all directions. On the contrary, the Antarctic is the southernmost point on the earth, and it is surrounded by the north in all directions.


Determination of longitude: First determine the 0º longitude, which is the prime meridian, and then take the prime meridian as the center to the east and 180º to the west. Longitude increases from west to east to east longitude, conversely, longitude decreases from west to east to west longitude.

Division of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres: (As shown below – top view of the Northern Hemisphere polar area)

The two opposing longitudes 20ºW and 160ºE can form a large circle, called a meridian loop. It is customary to use the 20ºW and 160ºE meridian loops as the boundary between the eastern and western hemispheres. From 20ºW east to 160ºE is the Eastern Hemisphere, and from 20ºW west to 160ºE is the Western Hemisphere.

7. Jingwei network and its functions

Grapitude and latitude mesh: A grid composed of interlaced warp and latitude threads.


①It is to determine the position of any point on the earth's surface. To determine the geographical location, we must not only look at longitude and latitude, but also correctly distinguish between east longitude and west longitude, south latitude and north latitude.

② Determine the relative direction and distance between various points.

Determination of relative direction: First determine the geographical location, and then determine the combined direction based on east-west longitude and north-south latitude.

Note: The determination of the east-west direction must be based on the minor arc, that is, the longitude interval between the two locations is less than 180º. The specific steps are as follows:

(1) To determine the direction on a latitude and longitude map that is in a grid shape or approximately a grid shape or has a large change in the shape of the latitude and longitude lines, the following steps can be used: First, clarify the north and south latitudes and east and west longitudes based on the numbers on the latitude and longitude lines; secondly, The latitude value that increases toward the south is south latitude, and the direction is south, the one that increases north is north latitude, and the direction is north, the longitude value that increases eastward is east longitude, and the direction is east, and the longitude value that increases toward the west is west longitude, and the direction is west; Again, determine the direction based on north-south latitude and east-west longitude.

(2) To interpret the direction on the latitude and longitude map centered on the pole, the steps are: first, according to the direction of rotation from west to east (known conditions), determine whether the center of the map is the North Pole or the South Pole; second, according to the north and south poles 91exam.org, draw the direction of the Earth's rotation on the edge of the picture; third, the direction pointed by the arrow is the east planet Earth , and the direction of the arrow tail is west.

Figure (a) is a fan-shaped longitude and latitude grid. The arrows are in the southern hemisphere, so the "clockwise" direction is the east, so 2 is to the east of 1, 2 and 3 are on the same longitude line, 2 To the north of 3.

Picture (b) shows the rotation of the earth from above the North Pole. If the arrow is reversed, then the direction along the "counterclockwise" is east, so 6 is to the east of 4, 5 is to the northeast of 4, and 5 is to the northwest of 6. square.

Figure (c) is a latitude and longitude map centered on the South Pole. 7 is directly west of 9 and 7 is northwest of 8.

(3) Judgment of direction on a map without latitude and longitude lines

(4) Calculate distance using graticule

① On the same meridian, the arc length spanning 1° of latitude is approximately 111km.

②For the planet Earth at the equator, the arc length across 1° of longitude is approximately 111km; at any latitude, the arc length across 1° of longitude is approximately 111km×cosa

(aThe geographical latitude of the place).

③ Antipodal point: A point of symmetry on the earth's surface with respect to the center of the earth. The latitude values ​​of these two points are equal, but the north and south are opposite; the longitudes of the two points must form a meridional circle, that is, the sum of the longitudes is equal to 180°, but the east and west longitudes are opposite.

(5) Estimation of the shortest distance between two points on different longitude and latitude lines

The great circle passing through two points is not a meridian coil, but a great circle with the center of the earth as the center and an oblique intersection with the meridian coil.

(6) Judgment of the nearest route direction between the two places

The shortest distance between any two points on the sphere should be the length of the minor arc of the great circle passing through the two points.

Russian Snipers Attacked The Ukrainian War Zone In South Africa, And One Italian Journalist Was Shot Dead And One Injured!

The Ukraine-Russia war has lasted for more than 14 months. Recently, it was reported that a reporter and his assistant from the well-known Italian newspaper "La Repubblica" on the front line in Ukraine were ambushed by Russian troops, resulting in one death and one injury. Uzbek Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba confirmed the incident of Russian snipers . In addition to expressing sadness and regret for the fate of the two journalists, he also angrily denounced that "the Russians are so crazy that they will shoot at you regardless of whether you are Ukrainian or not." ".


According to the "BBC" report, Italy's "La Repubblica" announced on the 26th that the newspaper's correspondent in the war in Ukraine, Corrado Zunino, and his assistant Bogdan Bitik were recently in Kherson, Unan. Kherson) area was ambushed by suspected Russian snipers . Bitik died on the spot, while Zunino was shot in the shoulder and injured and was sent to Kherson Regional Hospital for treatment.

When Zunino reported the incident to La Repubblica, he said that at the time he and Bitik were both wearing body armor with the word "PRESS" printed on it, but the other party still attacked them. "The place where the incident occurred In the non-combatant zone, we had just passed three checkpoints. Bitik was talking to the Ukrainian military personnel at the checkpoint. Suddenly there was loud gunfire. Bitik suddenly fell to the ground motionless. Then I was also shot. I hurriedly crawled away and fled. Later, I was sent to the local hospital and found 4 gunshot wounds on my body. Fortunately, they were all well treated. I tried to call Bitik several times, but no one answered… He is mine My good friend, I saw him shot and died without being able to bring his body back. I feel very guilty and painful."

Uzbek Foreign Minister Kuleba confirmed to Italy's "TG24 Sky" TV station (Sky TG24) on the 26th that there was news that Italian journalists were attacked by Russian troops in Uzbekistan. Russian snipers said , "When I learned about this unfortunate news, After that, I immediately contacted the military and asked them to provide me with detailed information about the case. We have contacted the injured journalist and will do our best to help him." At the same time, he also accused the Russians of being crazy. "The Russians don't care whether you are Ukrainian or Italian. Their instructions are to just shoot."

The Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Embassy in Kiev are cooperating with the Ukrainian authorities to allow Zunino to return to Italy smoothly. Italian Foreign Minister Antonio Tajani said, "I have talked about this matter with Minister Kuleba, and he assured me that the Ukrainian government will actively cooperate with our country."

Before this incident was exposed, statistics from Reporters Without Borders (RSF) showed that since Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24 last year, eight foreign journalists had been killed and 19 injured in Ukraine.

Planet Earth Snow Leopard

planet earth snow leopard

Starring: David Attenborough

Director: Alastair Fothergill

Type: Movie Region: UK Year: 2005

Introduction: The Namib is the oldest desert on earth. This desolate land is full of mystery and unknown. A water-skeleton coast on the edge of the desert On the unstable and dangerous planet Earth , the entire length of the desert is a wilderness that one can't help but feel in awe of. The Namib Desert and the Water Skeleton Coast hold many secrets that have always been difficult to understand and master. The Namib is the oldest desert on earth. This desolate land is full of mystery and unknowns. The water-skeleton coast at the edge of the desert is unstable and dangerous, and the entire length of the desert is a wilderness that can't help but awe. The Namib Desert and Water Skeleton Coast hold many secrets that have always been difficult to understand and master. Once upon a time, lions lived in this desert, but people rarely had the chance to see them because they were always hidden in the mysterious shadows. However, twenty years ago, these lions suddenly disappeared from the planet Earth , which made people feel regretful and puzzled. Today, a man decided to challenge this mysterious desert. He believed that the most amazing African lions might be hidden here, and they were slowly returning to life. The man's adventures won several 2007 Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Cinematography in Non-Fiction, Outstanding Musical Arrangement, Outstanding Non-Fiction Drama Series, and Outstanding Sound Editing in Non-Fiction. This story is full of adventure and unknown, making people full of curiosity and expectation, and also allows people to see the awe and exploration spirit of human beings towards the power of nature. The story of the Namib Desert and the missing lions inspires people's endless curiosity and love for the natural world.

play now

Is The Coach Of The Chinese Short Track Speed Skating Team Handsome And Familiar?He Is The "six Gold King" Ahn Hyun-soo Of The Winter Olympics

Last night, the Chinese short track speed skating mixed relay team won China’s first gold medal at the Beijing Winter Olympics. Behind the Chinese short track speed skating team, there is a familiar figure: Victor An (Ahn Hyun-soo).

He is the technical coach of the Chinese short track speed skating team. He is Wu Dajing’s mentor and good friend. He left his hometown due to factional fighting and later became a Russian citizen.

Source: Xinhua News Agency

When it comes to the Victor An Russian short track speed skating team , perhaps people know the name Ahn Hyun-soo earlier. Ahn Hyun-soo was born in Seoul, South Korea on November 23, 1985. He won the championship at the World Youth Short Track Championship when he was 17 years old. In the 2006 Russian short track speed skating team , Ahn Hyun-soo represented the Korean team at the Turin Winter Olympics and won the men's 1000m, 1500m, 5000m relay gold medals and the 500m bronze medal for the first time, stunning the world.

Originally, he was supposed to create more legends on behalf of South Korea, but unfortunately, Ahn Hyun-soo was inexplicably involved in the factional struggle within the team. The Olympic champion slowly became a fringe figure on South Korea's short track speed skating team. To make matters worse, his father An Jiyuan revealed to the Korean media that the short track speed skating team was "full of factions", which further caused An Xianzhu to be unable to train and compete normally. Ahn Ki-won said that there were even instances where players on the team interfered with Ahn Hyun-soo at the World Championships.

An unexpected injury became a "major turning point" in Ahn Hyun-soo's life.

In January 2008, An Hyun-soo was accidentally injured during training, resulting in a fracture of his left kneecap and a contusion of the posterior cruciate ligament, and he had to withdraw from the Korean national team. Since the injury was not during the national team competition, Ahn Hyun-soo did not receive state funding and could only receive treatment at his own expense, which also created a rift with the Korean Ice League. Due to a long period of recuperation, An Hyun-soo did not participate in the competition. Ahn Hyun-soo's comprehensive points during the domestic selection in South Korea were insufficient and he lost the opportunity to participate in the Vancouver Winter Olympics.

One year after the Vancouver Winter Olympics, Ahn Hyun-soo failed in another selection of the Korean national team and lost the qualification to represent South Korea in the Sochi Winter Olympics. The Russian short track speed skating team , at the same time, the Russian Ice Hockey Federation He also sent invitations many times, hoping that Ahn Hyun-soo could become a Russian citizen, and promised to directly book a spot for the Sochi Winter Olympics. Therefore, Ahn Hyun-soo, who was frustrated in South Korea, accepted the invitation of the Russian Ice Hockey Federation, and Ahn Hyun-soo became the "Viktor Ahn" of the Russian short track speed skating team .

In 2012, less than a year after joining Russia, Victor An successfully entered the men's 500m final of the Short Track Speed ​​Skating World Cup in Calgary and won the gold medal with a time of 1:24.519. This was his first time in five years. Later, he won the international championship again, and won the Kolomna short track speed skating World Cup championship again the following year, announcing his strong return.

In February 2014, Victor An represented the Russian team in the short track speed skating competition at the Sochi Winter Olympics and once again won three gold medals, becoming the "Six Gold King". While refreshing his personal record, he also rewrote the history of the Russian national team.

In March of the same year, Victor An won the men's all-around championship at the World Short Track Speed ​​Skating Championships. This was the first time since he achieved five consecutive men's all-around titles at the World Short Track Speed ​​Skating Championships from 2003 to 2007. After seven years as the Almighty King, he once again started his era after experiencing a trough.

Source: CCTV News

Victor Ahn, who represented Russia in the competition, also aroused huge public opinion in South Korea and was accused of being a "traitor." In 2018, Victor Ahn was banned from participating in the PyeongChang Winter Olympics due to doping issues. After missing the PyeongChang Winter Olympics, Victor Ahn was already 33 years old. At this time, he chose to retire bravely and announced his retirement on April 27, 2020.

Over the years of competition, Victor An has also developed a friendship with Chinese athletes. Especially with Wang Meng – according to the words of "Meng Zhu", heroes cherish heroes. Before retiring, Victor An had already interacted frequently with the Chinese short track speed skating team. Not only did he train in China throughout the winter of 2019, he also participated in the Chinese short track speed skating team's simulated World Championships competition.

Ahn Hyun-soo took a selfie after the game to celebrate the Chinese team's victory.

After Victor An retired, Wang Meng, then the head coach of the Chinese short track team, sent him a formal coaching invitation. After repeated consideration, Victor An became the technical coach of the Chinese short track speed skating team in October 2021. Although Wang Meng has since faded out of the Chinese team, the current head coach and Korean foreign teacher Kim Shantae is also an old acquaintance of him.

Chinese ice hockey fans are no stranger to Jin Shantai – he has coached in Changchun twice and discovered famous players such as Zhou Yang, Liang Wenhao and Han Tianyu. Jin Shantai himself can speak fluent Chinese and is a member of Wang Meng's coaching team. a member of.

In this way, Ahn Hyun-soo and Kim Sun-tae formed the coaching staff of the Chinese team. Became the hero behind the Chinese team's first gold medal at the Beijing Winter Olympics. “No matter where I am, I will do my best to develop short track speed skating.” As Victor Ahn wrote in his retirement letter, “Thanks for everything, I hope everyone can support my new career. "

The Winter Olympics coincides with the Spring Festival, and Victor An also posted a video on his personal Weibo to send New Year greetings to netizens in Chinese. "Thank you all for your continued attention and support to me. I wish you all a happy Spring Festival and good luck in the Year of the Tiger. Let's look to the future together!"

Fire Leaves Traces In The Sand – The Destruction Of Rommel's Afrika Korps

–Winston Churchill

Starting from the second half of 1942, the North African battlefield became the main battlefield for the British and American Allied forces to fight against Germany. As the United States joined the war, more and more American troops and American equipment entered the battlefield. Since it was impossible to open a second battlefield on the European continent in a short period of time, despite repeated strong requests from the Soviet Union and the U.S. military also hoped to land on the European continent as soon as possible, after careful consideration and starting from reality, the British and American Allied Forces unified Thoughts, the North African battlefield was regarded as the main battlefield against Germany.

In late June 1942, Tobruk, which had been holding on for nine months, was captured by the German army. The British army's war situation in the North African battlefield entered its lowest ebb. This was also the most glorious moment of the German Afrika Korps, and the German offensive reached its peak. , but it is also the beginning of decline.

Because the British and American allies have begun to comprehensively strengthen their combat preparations in the North African battlefield, the British army has received more and more American equipment and supplies, and as the front line is shortened, logistical support can also be fully guaranteed. On the battlefield in North Africa, where desert is the main terrain, logistics is the decisive factor in the outcome of the war.

In the Mediterranean connecting North Africa and the European continent, the Allied forces' naval and air power continued to increase. The island of Malta gradually passed the crisis and began to play an increasingly important role. The sea and air control in the Mediterranean were gradually controlled by the Allies. This This means that the German and Italian troops in the North African battlefield have actually become a lone Rommel Africa Corps , with almost no supplements and reinforcements.

In terms of personnel, the British army also made major changes. Alexander replaced Auchinleck as the theater commander, and Montgomery replaced Gott, who died in a plane crash, as the commander of the 8th Army.

Before El Alamein we had never won a real victory, and after El Alamein we had never lost again.

After taking these measures, the British army, which had superior strength, equipment, and sufficient supplies, finally defeated the German Afrika Korps in the Battle of El Alamein in October 1942 and seized the initiative on the battlefield. Then, in November 1942, the US-British coalition landed in North Africa again, forming a pincer attack with the British 8th Army in the direction of El Alamein. The German and Italian troops in the North African battlefield were completely passive. By May 1943, the German and Italian troops in North Africa had been completely wiped out.

The German Afrika Korps on the battlefield in North Africa, led by the famous German general Rommel, repeatedly defeated more with less, creating a classic battle in military history and becoming the most famous ace unit in World War II. This elite unit not only has superb tactical skills, but also has a high fighting spirit. It is erratic and nimble on the battlefield, making its opponents elusive. Even when facing opponents several times their size, it is not afraid and dares to fight. , and at the same time very chivalrous, giving due respect to opponents, and quite gentlemanly, so it has been talked about by many military fans for decades.

The protagonist of this book is the African Legion led by Rommel, known as the "Desert Fox". They staged a war drama with ups and downs in the vast desert of North Africa. This book gives a panoramic description of how Nazi Germany's Afrika Korps went from prosperity to decline, and finally to its demise, in nearly a year from June 1942 to May 1943.

This book starts from history and from a military perspective. Through hundreds of photos and dozens of battle maps, this book aims to show readers the long journey of the Allied forces from defeat to victory on the North African battlefield.

The fire has left traces on the sand, but the North African desert remains the same. The smoke of the former battlefield has gone far away, but looking back on these years of fighting and iron horses still makes people's hearts agitate and yearn for it.

Europe's Four Major Central Banks Part Ways

[Under the continued impact of the European debt crisis and economic depression, Europe's progress from monetary integration to fiscal and even political integration will not only not be smooth sailing, but there is also the risk of possible reversal]

At the end of last year, the author visited investors in five European countries within two weeks, during which he had in-depth exchanges with officials from four major European central banks, including the Bank of England, the European Central Bank, the Bundesbank and the Bank of France. It is not difficult to find that although they are both in the EU, due to the huge differences in economic growth, employment levels, asset prices and other aspects of each country, the four central banks have gradually drifted apart in terms of economic and monetary policy attitudes. In the author's opinion, the increasing separation of major European central banks may be the epitome of the growing risk of fragmentation faced by the Eurozone and even the European Union.

Bank of England: Is having an independent currency actually a better option?

The author first visited the Bank of England in London.

Across London, I couldn't help but be struck by the busy construction sites in London. While Europe as a whole is still reeling from the global financial crisis five years ago, London is full of people and traffic. What is particularly impressive is that just as many foreign friends commented that Beijing and Shanghai ten years ago were "big construction sites", today this title can be well-deservedly given to London.

In fact, London house prices rose by around 65% from the beginning of 2009 to the end of 2014. The rise in house prices and the large inflow of foreign population have stimulated the supply of housing in London, leading to the unprecedented prosperity of London's construction industry. Reinforced concrete structures and construction workers wearing hard hats can be seen everywhere in London today. The bubble in real estate prices has even prompted the Bank of England and the government to take measures to maintain financial stability, including tightening mortgage loans and raising taxes to curb speculation in the real estate market.

Behind London's prosperity is that the British economy has initially emerged from the haze of the financial crisis. Currently, many institutions, including the British Chamber of Commerce, predict that UK economic growth will reach about 3% in 2014, which is almost the highest among major European economic powers. In addition, the UK's unemployment rate has also dropped to 6%, the lowest point since 2008.

The UK's better economic recovery is certainly related to the fact that the UK does not have a rigid labor market and inefficient public sector like southern European countries. In the author's opinion, its independent central bank and its ability to adopt flexible monetary policies are also indispensable. It can be seen that after the financial crisis, the Bank of England adopted two rounds of quantitative easing measures from April 2009 to May 2010 and October 2011 to November 2012, plus some emergency measures taken during the financial crisis. Liquidity injection measures have expanded the balance sheet more than three times. Easing monetary policy has supported asset prices and consumer spending, and has also boosted exports through the depreciation of the pound.

The Bank of England's current "happy worry" is that the economy has recovered, but should it raise interest rates? Taking into account that the current level of inflation is still low, the Bank of England decided to keep the policy rate and balance sheet size unchanged at its interest rate meetings in the past few months.

Bundesbank: Firmly opposed to the European Central Bank’s direct purchase of member states’ government bonds

Perhaps to a certain extent, the Germans are a little envious of the independent monetary policy facilities that the British have. Germany, which joins the Eurozone, will often have to accommodate the economic conditions of other countries in the zone and be forced to make many compromises. However, the Bundesbank has always had a tough attitude towards the European Central Bank's attempt to directly purchase government bonds to implement "quantitative easing".

Looking back on 2012, when the European debt crisis was at its worst and the risk of euro zone disintegration increased at an unprecedented level, European Central Bank President Mario Draghi was forced to implement Outright Monetary Transaction (OMT) to purchase the treasury bonds of member countries in a way to hedge liquidity injections. Finally, European financial markets were stabilized. At that time, the only person on the Monetary Council who voted against the decision was Bundesbank President Weidmann.

Since the second half of 2014, the Eurozone economy has fallen into a downturn again. By December, the Eurozone CPI fell into negative growth for the first time in five years. However, at the latest regular meeting of the euro zone monetary policy, Draghi publicly admitted that the statement of "expanding the balance sheet" did not receive "unanimous consent." According to subsequent media reports, the two members who voted against were all from Germany. .

In Frankfurt, the attitude of Bundesbank officials is consistent, that is, they oppose further expansion of the European Central Bank's balance sheet, especially expansion of the balance sheet by purchasing member states' treasury bonds. There are two main reasons: First, they are concerned about the effects of quantitative easing. Secondly, they are worried that buying government bonds will delay structural reforms in other European countries.

In fact, there has always been debate about the effectiveness of quantitative easing. Before the European Central Bank officially started a new round of quantitative easing in October 2014, the European Central Bank had implemented multiple rounds of long-term refinancing operations and targeted long-term refinancing operations. The ECB allows eurozone banks to borrow unlimited amounts from the ECB at very cheap interest rates. However, the scale of borrowing for refinancing operations is always lower than expected, and banks that have already borrowed money have also taken a large number of proactive repayments, which shows that the real economy's demand for currency is not strong and the effect of money printing may be limited.

Germany, on the other hand, does not have high hopes for the further depreciation of the euro to promote exports – in fact, Germany's exports are still good and have supported the moderate growth of the German economy. On the contrary, too cheap credit and housing mortgage interest rates have pushed up Munich. Many Germans have complained about the housing prices in major German cities such as Berlin and Berlin.

In terms of structural reforms, the European Central Bank's direct purchase of member states' treasury bonds will reduce the financial pressure on heavily indebted countries and may also reduce the motivation of these countries to implement structural reforms – which is exactly what the Germans hate most. Since the end of last year, German officials and German media have suggested that Germany has even prepared for Greece's exit from the euro area, which may interrupt fiscal austerity and structural reforms due to the general election, and does not hesitate to cause the euro area to be affected. Although German Chancellor Merkel denied this statement, it also reflects Germany's tough stance on this issue to a certain extent.

ECB and Banque de France: “Better compromise” plan and legal dilemma

Naturally, you will not miss the famous city Paris during your trip to Europe, but what makes me deeply moved is the desolation in Paris, which is very different from the bustling London.

Many roads in Paris still look old and narrow, and have not been renovated since I lived there in 2000. Paris's ring road is clogged with traffic. When exiting the Paris Eurostar train station , there was a serious shortage of taxis and I had to wait for a long time. Interestingly, even the staff of the Bank of France seemed to be affected by this depressed atmosphere. The lady at the front desk even forgot to notify the interviewee who had made an appointment with the author. Almost every French person is complaining about the government's poor economic policies, and many people are calling for emigration abroad. No wonder some media reported that the biggest buyer of London real estate this year was the French.

The scene in Paris represents to a certain extent the depression of the French economy and even the Eurozone economy as a whole. In 2014, France's GDP registered zero growth in the second quarter, and the quarter-on-quarter growth rate in the third quarter was only 0.3%. The Bank of France predicts that the economic growth rate in the fourth quarter will fall back to 0.1%. France's unemployment rate increased for the sixth consecutive year in 2014.

Considering the current economic downturn in the Eurozone as a whole, with the unemployment rate still high at double digits, most European central banks, including the Bank of France, support the European Central Bank's expansion of its balance sheet to stimulate the economy. However, due to various factors, the European Central Bank has been unable to take the initiative to purchase bonds. In turn, as banks continued to repay borrowings under the "long-term refinancing operations", the ECB's balance sheet at the end of 2014 shrank by nearly 1 trillion euros from its peak in 2012.

Although the European Central Bank finally launched the long-called "quantitative easing" in October 2014 and actively purchased securities to expand its balance sheet, the current operations of the European Central Bank are based on asset-backed securities (ABS) and asset-covered bonds ( The stock of these two securities is quite limited, and the scale of purchases by the European Central Bank in the past few months is not even enough to hedge the impact of bank repayments.

From this point of view, if President Draghi is to realize President Draghi's commitment to restore the European Central Bank's balance sheet to the level of early 2012, it is essential to expand the target of "quantitative easing" to the national debt of member states. In order to obtain a compromise from Germany, the European Central Bank is currently considering purchasing the sovereign bonds of each country in proportion based on the paid-in capital of the euro area central banks. Other "compromising" arrangements include that in addition to the direct purchase of government bonds by the European Central Bank, part of the government bonds are purchased by central banks of various countries at their own risk. But even if these plans are adopted, there is still uncertainty about whether Germany can reach an agreement with other countries on core issues such as purchase quantity and risk sharing.

In addition, there are certain legal obstacles for the European Central Bank to directly purchase the treasury bonds of member countries in the region. In February last year, the German Federal Constitutional Court expressed concerns about OMT, saying that the European Central Bank's OMT may violate EU law and requested the European Court of Justice to rule on OMT. If the OMT plan is ultimately ruled as "illegal" by the European Court of Justice, this will also hit the European Central Bank's design of "quantitative easing".

Are European countries drifting apart?

Although building a unified Europe is the dream of many European politicians, and the establishment of the European Union and the launch of the euro also embody the efforts of several generations of Europeans, the author has observed that under the impact of the economic downturn, whether among European countries or In some countries, there are signs of increasingly acute conflicts.

Due to the ongoing economic depression and unemployment, the political forces in Greece, Spain and other countries have become more left-leaning. Not only have far-left parties won more seats in parliament, there are also far-left parties in Greece that may come to power and overturn the agreement with the EU. Fiscal austerity in exchange for the possibility of a bailout deal.

In turn, the German public is increasingly hardline and right-leaning over endless bailouts for other countries, and the talk of allowing Greece to exit the eurozone is representative of this. Some analysts believe that the recent terrorist attacks suffered by France are partly due to the rise of far-right forces in French society and the intensification of conflicts between Muslim immigrants.

And if the decision to remain sterling was controversial in the UK at the dawn of the euro, today there are undoubtedly more Britons who feel lucky to be independent from the eurozone. Prime Minister Cameron even has plans to hold a referendum in 2016 to decide whether the UK should leave the EU.

From this point of view, the contradictions in the policies of the major European central banks may be just a microcosm of the various conflicts that are emerging throughout Europe. Even if Germany finally agrees to the ECB to implement a certain scale of member country debt purchases, many deep-seated problems within Europe will not has been solved.

In turn, if the European Central Bank eventually directly purchases Greek bonds that have long been "junk grade", it will even cause more anger and dissatisfaction among Germans. The author believes that although it is too early to conclude that the EU or the Eurozone will eventually fall apart, it is also an indisputable fact that the Eurozone has not experienced the test of a real crisis since its establishment. Currently, under the continuing impact of the European debt crisis and economic depression, Europe's progress from monetary integration to fiscal and even political integration will not be smooth sailing, but there is also the risk of possible reversal, which requires close attention. Photographer/Wang Xiaodong[Weibo]

(The author is chief economist of Mizuho Securities Asia)