Stars Turn Into Blood Demons To Perfectly Interpret The Classic First Three Moves PK Strategy Analysis

Positioning of the Three Secret Techniques of Blood Demon

Positioning of the Three Secret Techniques of Blood Demon

What he practices is the Blood Demon Demonic Path, one of the three secret techniques of the Demonic Path. As the most murderous lineage among the three demonic paths, its practice method is to use one's own blood as a guide to stimulate the potential of the body and consciousness. Because the practice method is extremely extreme and dangerous, there are very few people who can pass on this secret method. However, the true blood demon warriors are the enemy's nightmare. In the world of cultivation, their appearance is the announcement of death. The Blood Demon Sect has always advocated freedom and understanding. There is no specific form in the inheritance process of the skills. Only those with an unswerving will and spirit can practice the Blood Demon Way. For this reason, when the founder of the Blood Demon Sect first founded the sect, he used his Nascent Soul to refine a demon list with consciousness. Only those who can pass the test and leave their name on it are qualified to practice the secret method of the Blood Demon.


Blood Demon PK skill analysis

The skill combo combination of Star Transformation is a representative of the next-generation action online game. The combination of character release skills, light skills, and control skills will directly affect the strength of PK. Blood Demon's sect skills are divided into four categories. The first category Heavenly Demon Warfare, the second type of Heavenly Demon, the third type of Soul Slayer, and the fourth type of Ghost Blade. Water, fire, and earth are the most powerful. Water, including Bone Crushing, Soul Devouring and Killing, has a chance to freeze the target, reduce the target's movement speed by 60%, lasts for several seconds, and cannot be removed by purification skills, Soul Killing Style, and Heart Technique skills, which increase one's own strength by a certain amount and gain a certain amount of understanding. Point, use Soul Eater and kill to increase fighting spirit. Bone Broken can quickly approach the opponent, causing weapon damage plus a few points of physical attack, stunning the opponent for 1 second, and adding a fighting spirit mark. Fire includes Bone Crushing, Soul Devouring and Killing, which have a chance to add some fire attribute damage, and cannot be removed by purification skills. Earth includes several points of increased parry, and Bone Crushing, Soul Devouring, and Killing have a chance to add armor-piercing effects, reducing the target's armor. Armor value can be stacked up to 5 times and cannot be removed by purification skills. Water, fire and earth can flow in my hands and play with the world just as Wu Kequn sings in the song "The Stars Change".

Blood Demon PK Strategy Demystified

When PKing, first add the state of Soul-Slaying Style. If you are about 3 bodies away from the opponent, use Bone Break to hit the opponent to stun the opponent for 1 second and then follow up with Soul Devouring. In this way, there will be two fighting spirit marks. Then chop normally, wait for the soul-eating skill CD to be finished, and use it to engrave 3 Dou Qi Seals directly before using soul-seizing. If your RP is good and your attacks are not parried, the legal profession will be instantly killed. Blood Demon's combo of Bone Crushing + Soul-Breaking Star Transformation into Blood Demon can also quickly approach the target and then carry out a close attack. In addition to a large degree of weapon damage and physical attack damage, it can also cause the target to become comatose and completely lose it for a period of time. Mobility. Once targeted by the Blood Demon, no matter where he is, he can still quickly approach and use his best melee skills. Another combo skill of Gorefiend, perfect for chaotic group battles, especially when under siege. The combination of Sky Splitting + Sky Splitting Type 2/Killing Intent Wave can attack all surrounding targets, and at the same time increase the critical hit rate for fallen targets. Among them, Sky Splitting Type 2 can also add very high damage in addition to weapon damage. In addition, the killing intent wave can release murderous intent to suppress all surrounding hostile targets and turn them into blood demons , greatly reducing their movement speed and attack speed, and also attracting hatred. Entering their attack circle at this time is undoubtedly asking for death.

Melee combat, group combat, or melee combat that actively creates opportunities. The Blood Demon is a murderous meat grinder. The serial attacks of combination skills make their fighting fierce, and everyone who passes by is covered in blood.

Planet Earth Snow Leopard

Starring: David Attenborough

Director: Alastair Fothergill

Type: Movie Region: UK Year: 2005

Introduction: The Namib is the oldest desert on earth. This desolate land is full of mystery and unknown. The Water Skeleton Coast on the edge of the desert On the unstable and dangerous planet Earth , the entire length of the desert is a wilderness that makes people feel awe. The Namib Desert and the Water Skeleton Coast hold many secrets that have always been difficult to understand and master. The Namib is the oldest desert on earth. This desolate land is full of mystery and unknowns. The water-skeleton coast at the edge of the desert is unstable and dangerous, and the entire length of the desert is a wilderness that can't help but awe. The Namib Desert and Water Skeleton Coast hold many secrets that have always been difficult to understand and master. Once upon a time, lions lived in this desert, but people rarely had the chance to see them because they were always hidden in the mysterious shadows. However, these lions suddenly disappeared twenty years ago, leaving people feeling sad and puzzled. Today on planet Earth , a man decided to challenge this mysterious desert. He believed that the most amazing African lions might be hidden here, and they were slowly returning to life. The man's adventures won several 2007 Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Cinematography in Non-Fiction, Outstanding Musical Arrangement, Outstanding Non-Fiction Drama Series, and Outstanding Sound Editing in Non-Fiction. This story is full of adventure and the unknown planet Earth , which fills people with curiosity and expectation, and also allows people to see the awe and exploration spirit of mankind towards the power of nature. The story of the Namib Desert and the missing lions inspires people's endless curiosity and love for the natural world.

play now

Picture Information Of Agave (century Tree)

Whether you call it "agave" or "century tree", why do people give it these two powerful and resounding names? When you see its magnificent plant shape, you may understand why. Especially in their native areas, their huge bodies are amazing! The leaves of agave are strong and powerful, beautiful and generous, and can be viewed all year round, giving people a feeling of tenacious vitality. Agave is a common foliage plant. Whether in gardens in places with warm winters or indoors in places with cold winters, people like to plant this plant that can beautify the environment and help purify the air. plant.

Agave also blooms, which are funnel-shaped light yellow or light yellow-green flowers. The scapes of agave cultivated in the open field in the original place can be as high as 13 meters. However, only plants that are more than ten years old can bloom, and agave flowers only bloom once in its life. Agave americana requires cross-pollination to produce fruit. After the flowers fade or the fruit matures, the entire mother plant dies. When it sees the agave blooming, it is when its life is about to end. It has exhausted its life's experience and at this last moment, it splendidly returns to the American agave to draw a perfect ending for itself.

agave pictures

Basic knowledge about agave

Chinese name: Agave

Alias: century tree, acanthus, American agave

Scientific name: Agave americana

English name: Century Plant

Botanical classification: Angiosperms, Monocots

Plant family: Agaveceae, American agave , Agave

Horticulture classification: perennial evergreen herbaceous plants

Flowering season: Spring and summer (only plants that are more than ten years old can bloom, and they bloom only once in their lifetime.)

Fruit period: Capsules mature in autumn

Flower color: light yellow or light yellow-green

Origin and distribution: Native to tropical America and eastern Mexico. It is found wild in Europe, South Africa, India and Australia. It is now widely cultivated as an ornamental plant throughout the world.

Century tree pictures

Cultivation varieties of agave include:

There are about 300 species of plants in the same genus of agave, mostly produced in Mexico, Central America and the West Indies. Commonly cultivated species similar to this species include:

related articles:

Teacher Recruitment Geography Exam Preparation "Planet Earth" The Movement Of The Earth (1)

【The movement of the earth】

1. The Earth and Globe

【Key Points Summary】

1. Shape and size of the Earth

(1) Shape: An irregular sphere with slightly flattened poles and slightly bulging equator

(2) Size: average radius – 6371 km, equatorial radius – 6378 km, polar radius – 6357 km; equatorial circumference 40,000 kilometers (sitting on the ground and traveling 80,000 miles a day).

Note: Calculation issues of length and radius of any latitude line

If the longitude differs by 1º on the equator, the corresponding arc length is 111km. Similarly, on all longitudes, the arc length of 1º is also 111km. This principle can be used to calculate the actual distance between two points on the earth's surface. The length of 1º arc on the latitude line a is 111cosa.

2. Globe: The earth is reduced to make a model called a globe.

(1) Earth's axis: Turn the globe and you can see that the globe is rotating around an axis. This axis represents the Earth's axis of rotation, the Earth's axis, which always points near the North Star.

(2) North Pole and South Pole: The earth's axis passes through the center of the earth and intersects with the earth's surface at two points. The point pointing toward the North Star is called the North Pole, and the point opposite the North Pole is called the South Pole.

3.Weft line

Definition: On the globe, the circle surrounding the planet Earth in the east-west direction is called a latitude.

Characteristics: ① Except for the poles, all latitude lines are circles and can be called latitudinal circles; ② They gradually shorten from the equator to the north and south poles

Special weft:

Equator: 0º; Tropic of Cancer: 23º26′N; 23º26′S; South and Arctic Circles: 66º34′N; 66º34′S; Low latitudes, middle latitudes and high latitudes: low latitudes (0º-30º), middle latitudes (30º—60º), high latitude (60º—90º)

Function: The latitude line indicates the east-west direction. Determining the east-west direction according to the latitude line is relative. Theoretically speaking, there is no easternmost point or the westernmost point on the earth. Only when the two points are compared can there be distinction between east and west.


Definition: Calibrating different degrees to latitude lines is latitude.

Determination of latitude: The equator is the zero degree latitude on the globe. Latitudes north of the equator are northern latitudes, and latitudes south of the equator are southern latitudes.

The geometric meaning of latitude: R is the radius of the earth, and the degree of latitude m is α.

Division of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres: North of the equator is the Northern Hemisphere, south of the equator is the Southern Hemisphere


Definition: On the globe, a line connecting the north and south poles and perpendicularly intersecting the parallels.

Features: ① All meridians are semicircles; ② The lengths are equal

Special longitude: 180º; 0º; 20ºW; 160ºE

Function: Longitude indicates the north-south direction. Determining the north-south direction according to the longitude is absolute. The North Pole is the northernmost point on the earth, and it is surrounded by the south in all directions. On the contrary, the Antarctic is the southernmost point on the earth, and it is surrounded by the north in all directions.


Determination of longitude: First determine the 0º longitude, which is the prime meridian, and then take the prime meridian as the center to the east and 180º to the west. Longitude increases from west to east to east longitude, conversely, longitude decreases from west to east to west longitude.

Division of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres: (As shown below – top view of the Northern Hemisphere polar area)

The two opposing longitudes 20ºW and 160ºE can form a large circle, called a meridian loop. It is customary to use the 20ºW and 160ºE meridian loops as the boundary between the eastern and western hemispheres. From 20ºW east to 160ºE is the Eastern Hemisphere, and from 20ºW west to 160ºE is the Western Hemisphere.

7. Jingwei network and its functions

Grapitude and latitude mesh: A grid composed of interlaced warp and latitude threads.


①It is to determine the position of any point on the earth's surface. To determine the geographical location, we must not only look at longitude and latitude, but also correctly distinguish between east longitude and west longitude, south latitude and north latitude.

② Determine the relative direction and distance between various points.

Determination of relative direction: First determine the geographical location, and then determine the combined direction based on east-west longitude and north-south latitude.

Note: The determination of the east-west direction must be based on the minor arc, that is, the longitude interval between the two locations is less than 180º. The specific steps are as follows:

(1) To determine the direction on a latitude and longitude map that is in a grid shape or approximately a grid shape or has a large change in the shape of the latitude and longitude lines, the following steps can be used: First, clarify the north and south latitudes and east and west longitudes based on the numbers on the latitude and longitude lines; secondly, The latitude value that increases toward the south is south latitude, and the direction is south, the one that increases north is north latitude, and the direction is north, the longitude value that increases eastward is east longitude, and the direction is east, and the longitude value that increases toward the west is west longitude, and the direction is west; Again, determine the direction based on north-south latitude and east-west longitude.

(2) To interpret the direction on the latitude and longitude map centered on the pole, the steps are: first, according to the direction of rotation from west to east (known conditions), determine whether the center of the map is the North Pole or the South Pole; second, according to the north and south poles, draw the direction of the Earth's rotation on the edge of the picture; third, the direction pointed by the arrow is the east planet Earth , and the direction of the arrow tail is west.

Figure (a) is a fan-shaped longitude and latitude grid. The arrows are in the southern hemisphere, so the "clockwise" direction is the east, so 2 is to the east of 1, 2 and 3 are on the same longitude line, 2 To the north of 3.

Picture (b) shows the rotation of the earth from above the North Pole. If the arrow is reversed, then the direction along the "counterclockwise" is east, so 6 is to the east of 4, 5 is to the northeast of 4, and 5 is to the northwest of 6. square.

Figure (c) is a latitude and longitude map centered on the South Pole. 7 is directly west of 9 and 7 is northwest of 8.

(3) Judgment of direction on a map without latitude and longitude lines

(4) Calculate distance using graticule

① On the same meridian, the arc length spanning 1° of latitude is approximately 111km.

②For the planet Earth at the equator, the arc length across 1° of longitude is approximately 111km; at any latitude, the arc length across 1° of longitude is approximately 111km×cosa

(aThe geographical latitude of the place).

③ Antipodal point: A point of symmetry on the earth's surface with respect to the center of the earth. The latitude values ​​of these two points are equal, but the north and south are opposite; the longitudes of the two points must form a meridional circle, that is, the sum of the longitudes is equal to 180°, but the east and west longitudes are opposite.

(5) Estimation of the shortest distance between two points on different longitude and latitude lines

The great circle passing through two points is not a meridian coil, but a great circle with the center of the earth as the center and an oblique intersection with the meridian coil.

(6) Judgment of the nearest route direction between the two places

The shortest distance between any two points on the sphere should be the length of the minor arc of the great circle passing through the two points.

Russian Snipers Attacked The Ukrainian War Zone In South Africa, And One Italian Journalist Was Shot Dead And One Injured!

The Ukraine-Russia war has lasted for more than 14 months. Recently, it was reported that a reporter and his assistant from the well-known Italian newspaper "La Repubblica" on the front line in Ukraine were ambushed by Russian troops, resulting in one death and one injury. Uzbek Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba confirmed the incident of Russian snipers . In addition to expressing sadness and regret for the fate of the two journalists, he also angrily denounced that "the Russians are so crazy that they will shoot at you regardless of whether you are Ukrainian or not." ".


According to the "BBC" report, Italy's "La Repubblica" announced on the 26th that the newspaper's correspondent in the war in Ukraine, Corrado Zunino, and his assistant Bogdan Bitik were recently in Kherson, Unan. Kherson) area was ambushed by suspected Russian snipers . Bitik died on the spot, while Zunino was shot in the shoulder and injured and was sent to Kherson Regional Hospital for treatment.

When Zunino reported the incident to La Repubblica, he said that at the time he and Bitik were both wearing body armor with the word "PRESS" printed on it, but the other party still attacked them. "The place where the incident occurred In the non-combatant zone, we had just passed three checkpoints. Bitik was talking to the Ukrainian military personnel at the checkpoint. Suddenly there was loud gunfire. Bitik suddenly fell to the ground motionless. Then I was also shot. I hurriedly crawled away and fled. Later, I was sent to the local hospital and found 4 gunshot wounds on my body. Fortunately, they were all well treated. I tried to call Bitik several times, but no one answered… He is mine My good friend, I saw him shot and died without being able to bring his body back. I feel very guilty and painful."

Uzbek Foreign Minister Kuleba confirmed to Italy's "TG24 Sky" TV station (Sky TG24) on the 26th that there was news that Italian journalists were attacked by Russian troops in Uzbekistan. Russian snipers said , "When I learned about this unfortunate news, After that, I immediately contacted the military and asked them to provide me with detailed information about the case. We have contacted the injured journalist and will do our best to help him." At the same time, he also accused the Russians of being crazy. "The Russians don't care whether you are Ukrainian or Italian. Their instructions are to just shoot."

The Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Embassy in Kiev are cooperating with the Ukrainian authorities to allow Zunino to return to Italy smoothly. Italian Foreign Minister Antonio Tajani said, "I have talked about this matter with Minister Kuleba, and he assured me that the Ukrainian government will actively cooperate with our country."

Before this incident was exposed, statistics from Reporters Without Borders (RSF) showed that since Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24 last year, eight foreign journalists had been killed and 19 injured in Ukraine.

Planet Earth Snow Leopard

planet earth snow leopard

Starring: David Attenborough

Director: Alastair Fothergill

Type: Movie Region: UK Year: 2005

Introduction: The Namib is the oldest desert on earth. This desolate land is full of mystery and unknown. A water-skeleton coast on the edge of the desert On the unstable and dangerous planet Earth , the entire length of the desert is a wilderness that one can't help but feel in awe of. The Namib Desert and the Water Skeleton Coast hold many secrets that have always been difficult to understand and master. The Namib is the oldest desert on earth. This desolate land is full of mystery and unknowns. The water-skeleton coast at the edge of the desert is unstable and dangerous, and the entire length of the desert is a wilderness that can't help but awe. The Namib Desert and Water Skeleton Coast hold many secrets that have always been difficult to understand and master. Once upon a time, lions lived in this desert, but people rarely had the chance to see them because they were always hidden in the mysterious shadows. However, twenty years ago, these lions suddenly disappeared from the planet Earth , which made people feel regretful and puzzled. Today, a man decided to challenge this mysterious desert. He believed that the most amazing African lions might be hidden here, and they were slowly returning to life. The man's adventures won several 2007 Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Cinematography in Non-Fiction, Outstanding Musical Arrangement, Outstanding Non-Fiction Drama Series, and Outstanding Sound Editing in Non-Fiction. This story is full of adventure and unknown, making people full of curiosity and expectation, and also allows people to see the awe and exploration spirit of human beings towards the power of nature. The story of the Namib Desert and the missing lions inspires people's endless curiosity and love for the natural world.

play now

Is The Coach Of The Chinese Short Track Speed Skating Team Handsome And Familiar?He Is The "six Gold King" Ahn Hyun-soo Of The Winter Olympics

Last night, the Chinese short track speed skating mixed relay team won China’s first gold medal at the Beijing Winter Olympics. Behind the Chinese short track speed skating team, there is a familiar figure: Victor An (Ahn Hyun-soo).

He is the technical coach of the Chinese short track speed skating team. He is Wu Dajing’s mentor and good friend. He left his hometown due to factional fighting and later became a Russian citizen.

Source: Xinhua News Agency

When it comes to the Victor An Russian short track speed skating team , perhaps people know the name Ahn Hyun-soo earlier. Ahn Hyun-soo was born in Seoul, South Korea on November 23, 1985. He won the championship at the World Youth Short Track Championship when he was 17 years old. In the 2006 Russian short track speed skating team , Ahn Hyun-soo represented the Korean team at the Turin Winter Olympics and won the men's 1000m, 1500m, 5000m relay gold medals and the 500m bronze medal for the first time, stunning the world.

Originally, he was supposed to create more legends on behalf of South Korea, but unfortunately, Ahn Hyun-soo was inexplicably involved in the factional struggle within the team. The Olympic champion slowly became a fringe figure on South Korea's short track speed skating team. To make matters worse, his father An Jiyuan revealed to the Korean media that the short track speed skating team was "full of factions", which further caused An Xianzhu to be unable to train and compete normally. Ahn Ki-won said that there were even instances where players on the team interfered with Ahn Hyun-soo at the World Championships.

An unexpected injury became a "major turning point" in Ahn Hyun-soo's life.

In January 2008, An Hyun-soo was accidentally injured during training, resulting in a fracture of his left kneecap and a contusion of the posterior cruciate ligament, and he had to withdraw from the Korean national team. Since the injury was not during the national team competition, Ahn Hyun-soo did not receive state funding and could only receive treatment at his own expense, which also created a rift with the Korean Ice League. Due to a long period of recuperation, An Hyun-soo did not participate in the competition. Ahn Hyun-soo's comprehensive points during the domestic selection in South Korea were insufficient and he lost the opportunity to participate in the Vancouver Winter Olympics.

One year after the Vancouver Winter Olympics, Ahn Hyun-soo failed in another selection of the Korean national team and lost the qualification to represent South Korea in the Sochi Winter Olympics. The Russian short track speed skating team , at the same time, the Russian Ice Hockey Federation He also sent invitations many times, hoping that Ahn Hyun-soo could become a Russian citizen, and promised to directly book a spot for the Sochi Winter Olympics. Therefore, Ahn Hyun-soo, who was frustrated in South Korea, accepted the invitation of the Russian Ice Hockey Federation, and Ahn Hyun-soo became the "Viktor Ahn" of the Russian short track speed skating team .

In 2012, less than a year after joining Russia, Victor An successfully entered the men's 500m final of the Short Track Speed ​​Skating World Cup in Calgary and won the gold medal with a time of 1:24.519. This was his first time in five years. Later, he won the international championship again, and won the Kolomna short track speed skating World Cup championship again the following year, announcing his strong return.

In February 2014, Victor An represented the Russian team in the short track speed skating competition at the Sochi Winter Olympics and once again won three gold medals, becoming the "Six Gold King". While refreshing his personal record, he also rewrote the history of the Russian national team.

In March of the same year, Victor An won the men's all-around championship at the World Short Track Speed ​​Skating Championships. This was the first time since he achieved five consecutive men's all-around titles at the World Short Track Speed ​​Skating Championships from 2003 to 2007. After seven years as the Almighty King, he once again started his era after experiencing a trough.

Source: CCTV News

Victor Ahn, who represented Russia in the competition, also aroused huge public opinion in South Korea and was accused of being a "traitor." In 2018, Victor Ahn was banned from participating in the PyeongChang Winter Olympics due to doping issues. After missing the PyeongChang Winter Olympics, Victor Ahn was already 33 years old. At this time, he chose to retire bravely and announced his retirement on April 27, 2020.

Over the years of competition, Victor An has also developed a friendship with Chinese athletes. Especially with Wang Meng – according to the words of "Meng Zhu", heroes cherish heroes. Before retiring, Victor An had already interacted frequently with the Chinese short track speed skating team. Not only did he train in China throughout the winter of 2019, he also participated in the Chinese short track speed skating team's simulated World Championships competition.

Ahn Hyun-soo took a selfie after the game to celebrate the Chinese team's victory.

After Victor An retired, Wang Meng, then the head coach of the Chinese short track team, sent him a formal coaching invitation. After repeated consideration, Victor An became the technical coach of the Chinese short track speed skating team in October 2021. Although Wang Meng has since faded out of the Chinese team, the current head coach and Korean foreign teacher Kim Shantae is also an old acquaintance of him.

Chinese ice hockey fans are no stranger to Jin Shantai – he has coached in Changchun twice and discovered famous players such as Zhou Yang, Liang Wenhao and Han Tianyu. Jin Shantai himself can speak fluent Chinese and is a member of Wang Meng's coaching team. a member of.

In this way, Ahn Hyun-soo and Kim Sun-tae formed the coaching staff of the Chinese team. Became the hero behind the Chinese team's first gold medal at the Beijing Winter Olympics. “No matter where I am, I will do my best to develop short track speed skating.” As Victor Ahn wrote in his retirement letter, “Thanks for everything, I hope everyone can support my new career. "

The Winter Olympics coincides with the Spring Festival, and Victor An also posted a video on his personal Weibo to send New Year greetings to netizens in Chinese. "Thank you all for your continued attention and support to me. I wish you all a happy Spring Festival and good luck in the Year of the Tiger. Let's look to the future together!"

Fire Leaves Traces In The Sand – The Destruction Of Rommel's Afrika Korps

–Winston Churchill

Starting from the second half of 1942, the North African battlefield became the main battlefield for the British and American Allied forces to fight against Germany. As the United States joined the war, more and more American troops and American equipment entered the battlefield. Since it was impossible to open a second battlefield on the European continent in a short period of time, despite repeated strong requests from the Soviet Union and the U.S. military also hoped to land on the European continent as soon as possible, after careful consideration and starting from reality, the British and American Allied Forces unified Thoughts, the North African battlefield was regarded as the main battlefield against Germany.

In late June 1942, Tobruk, which had been holding on for nine months, was captured by the German army. The British army's war situation in the North African battlefield entered its lowest ebb. This was also the most glorious moment of the German Afrika Korps, and the German offensive reached its peak. , but it is also the beginning of decline.

Because the British and American allies have begun to comprehensively strengthen their combat preparations in the North African battlefield, the British army has received more and more American equipment and supplies, and as the front line is shortened, logistical support can also be fully guaranteed. On the battlefield in North Africa, where desert is the main terrain, logistics is the decisive factor in the outcome of the war.

In the Mediterranean connecting North Africa and the European continent, the Allied forces' naval and air power continued to increase. The island of Malta gradually passed the crisis and began to play an increasingly important role. The sea and air control in the Mediterranean were gradually controlled by the Allies. This This means that the German and Italian troops in the North African battlefield have actually become a lone Rommel Africa Corps , with almost no supplements and reinforcements.

In terms of personnel, the British army also made major changes. Alexander replaced Auchinleck as the theater commander, and Montgomery replaced Gott, who died in a plane crash, as the commander of the 8th Army.

Before El Alamein we had never won a real victory, and after El Alamein we had never lost again.

After taking these measures, the British army, which had superior strength, equipment, and sufficient supplies, finally defeated the German Afrika Korps in the Battle of El Alamein in October 1942 and seized the initiative on the battlefield. Then, in November 1942, the US-British coalition landed in North Africa again, forming a pincer attack with the British 8th Army in the direction of El Alamein. The German and Italian troops in the North African battlefield were completely passive. By May 1943, the German and Italian troops in North Africa had been completely wiped out.

The German Afrika Korps on the battlefield in North Africa, led by the famous German general Rommel, repeatedly defeated more with less, creating a classic battle in military history and becoming the most famous ace unit in World War II. This elite unit not only has superb tactical skills, but also has a high fighting spirit. It is erratic and nimble on the battlefield, making its opponents elusive. Even when facing opponents several times their size, it is not afraid and dares to fight. , and at the same time very chivalrous, giving due respect to opponents, and quite gentlemanly, so it has been talked about by many military fans for decades.

The protagonist of this book is the African Legion led by Rommel, known as the "Desert Fox". They staged a war drama with ups and downs in the vast desert of North Africa. This book gives a panoramic description of how Nazi Germany's Afrika Korps went from prosperity to decline, and finally to its demise, in nearly a year from June 1942 to May 1943.

This book starts from history and from a military perspective. Through hundreds of photos and dozens of battle maps, this book aims to show readers the long journey of the Allied forces from defeat to victory on the North African battlefield.

The fire has left traces on the sand, but the North African desert remains the same. The smoke of the former battlefield has gone far away, but looking back on these years of fighting and iron horses still makes people's hearts agitate and yearn for it.

Europe's Four Major Central Banks Part Ways

[Under the continued impact of the European debt crisis and economic depression, Europe's progress from monetary integration to fiscal and even political integration will not only not be smooth sailing, but there is also the risk of possible reversal]

At the end of last year, the author visited investors in five European countries within two weeks, during which he had in-depth exchanges with officials from four major European central banks, including the Bank of England, the European Central Bank, the Bundesbank and the Bank of France. It is not difficult to find that although they are both in the EU, due to the huge differences in economic growth, employment levels, asset prices and other aspects of each country, the four central banks have gradually drifted apart in terms of economic and monetary policy attitudes. In the author's opinion, the increasing separation of major European central banks may be the epitome of the growing risk of fragmentation faced by the Eurozone and even the European Union.

Bank of England: Is having an independent currency actually a better option?

The author first visited the Bank of England in London.

Across London, I couldn't help but be struck by the busy construction sites in London. While Europe as a whole is still reeling from the global financial crisis five years ago, London is full of people and traffic. What is particularly impressive is that just as many foreign friends commented that Beijing and Shanghai ten years ago were "big construction sites", today this title can be well-deservedly given to London.

In fact, London house prices rose by around 65% from the beginning of 2009 to the end of 2014. The rise in house prices and the large inflow of foreign population have stimulated the supply of housing in London, leading to the unprecedented prosperity of London's construction industry. Reinforced concrete structures and construction workers wearing hard hats can be seen everywhere in London today. The bubble in real estate prices has even prompted the Bank of England and the government to take measures to maintain financial stability, including tightening mortgage loans and raising taxes to curb speculation in the real estate market.

Behind London's prosperity is that the British economy has initially emerged from the haze of the financial crisis. Currently, many institutions, including the British Chamber of Commerce, predict that UK economic growth will reach about 3% in 2014, which is almost the highest among major European economic powers. In addition, the UK's unemployment rate has also dropped to 6%, the lowest point since 2008.

The UK's better economic recovery is certainly related to the fact that the UK does not have a rigid labor market and inefficient public sector like southern European countries. In the author's opinion, its independent central bank and its ability to adopt flexible monetary policies are also indispensable. It can be seen that after the financial crisis, the Bank of England adopted two rounds of quantitative easing measures from April 2009 to May 2010 and October 2011 to November 2012, plus some emergency measures taken during the financial crisis. Liquidity injection measures have expanded the balance sheet more than three times. Easing monetary policy has supported asset prices and consumer spending, and has also boosted exports through the depreciation of the pound.

The Bank of England's current "happy worry" is that the economy has recovered, but should it raise interest rates? Taking into account that the current level of inflation is still low, the Bank of England decided to keep the policy rate and balance sheet size unchanged at its interest rate meetings in the past few months.

Bundesbank: Firmly opposed to the European Central Bank’s direct purchase of member states’ government bonds

Perhaps to a certain extent, the Germans are a little envious of the independent monetary policy facilities that the British have. Germany, which joins the Eurozone, will often have to accommodate the economic conditions of other countries in the zone and be forced to make many compromises. However, the Bundesbank has always had a tough attitude towards the European Central Bank's attempt to directly purchase government bonds to implement "quantitative easing".

Looking back on 2012, when the European debt crisis was at its worst and the risk of euro zone disintegration increased at an unprecedented level, European Central Bank President Mario Draghi was forced to implement Outright Monetary Transaction (OMT) to purchase the treasury bonds of member countries in a way to hedge liquidity injections. Finally, European financial markets were stabilized. At that time, the only person on the Monetary Council who voted against the decision was Bundesbank President Weidmann.

Since the second half of 2014, the Eurozone economy has fallen into a downturn again. By December, the Eurozone CPI fell into negative growth for the first time in five years. However, at the latest regular meeting of the euro zone monetary policy, Draghi publicly admitted that the statement of "expanding the balance sheet" did not receive "unanimous consent." According to subsequent media reports, the two members who voted against were all from Germany. .

In Frankfurt, the attitude of Bundesbank officials is consistent, that is, they oppose further expansion of the European Central Bank's balance sheet, especially expansion of the balance sheet by purchasing member states' treasury bonds. There are two main reasons: First, they are concerned about the effects of quantitative easing. Secondly, they are worried that buying government bonds will delay structural reforms in other European countries.

In fact, there has always been debate about the effectiveness of quantitative easing. Before the European Central Bank officially started a new round of quantitative easing in October 2014, the European Central Bank had implemented multiple rounds of long-term refinancing operations and targeted long-term refinancing operations. The ECB allows eurozone banks to borrow unlimited amounts from the ECB at very cheap interest rates. However, the scale of borrowing for refinancing operations is always lower than expected, and banks that have already borrowed money have also taken a large number of proactive repayments, which shows that the real economy's demand for currency is not strong and the effect of money printing may be limited.

Germany, on the other hand, does not have high hopes for the further depreciation of the euro to promote exports – in fact, Germany's exports are still good and have supported the moderate growth of the German economy. On the contrary, too cheap credit and housing mortgage interest rates have pushed up Munich. Many Germans have complained about the housing prices in major German cities such as Berlin and Berlin.

In terms of structural reforms, the European Central Bank's direct purchase of member states' treasury bonds will reduce the financial pressure on heavily indebted countries and may also reduce the motivation of these countries to implement structural reforms – which is exactly what the Germans hate most. Since the end of last year, German officials and German media have suggested that Germany has even prepared for Greece's exit from the euro area, which may interrupt fiscal austerity and structural reforms due to the general election, and does not hesitate to cause the euro area to be affected. Although German Chancellor Merkel denied this statement, it also reflects Germany's tough stance on this issue to a certain extent.

ECB and Banque de France: “Better compromise” plan and legal dilemma

Naturally, you will not miss the famous city Paris during your trip to Europe, but what makes me deeply moved is the desolation in Paris, which is very different from the bustling London.

Many roads in Paris still look old and narrow, and have not been renovated since I lived there in 2000. Paris's ring road is clogged with traffic. When exiting the Paris Eurostar train station , there was a serious shortage of taxis and I had to wait for a long time. Interestingly, even the staff of the Bank of France seemed to be affected by this depressed atmosphere. The lady at the front desk even forgot to notify the interviewee who had made an appointment with the author. Almost every French person is complaining about the government's poor economic policies, and many people are calling for emigration abroad. No wonder some media reported that the biggest buyer of London real estate this year was the French.

The scene in Paris represents to a certain extent the depression of the French economy and even the Eurozone economy as a whole. In 2014, France's GDP registered zero growth in the second quarter, and the quarter-on-quarter growth rate in the third quarter was only 0.3%. The Bank of France predicts that the economic growth rate in the fourth quarter will fall back to 0.1%. France's unemployment rate increased for the sixth consecutive year in 2014.

Considering the current economic downturn in the Eurozone as a whole, with the unemployment rate still high at double digits, most European central banks, including the Bank of France, support the European Central Bank's expansion of its balance sheet to stimulate the economy. However, due to various factors, the European Central Bank has been unable to take the initiative to purchase bonds. In turn, as banks continued to repay borrowings under the "long-term refinancing operations", the ECB's balance sheet at the end of 2014 shrank by nearly 1 trillion euros from its peak in 2012.

Although the European Central Bank finally launched the long-called "quantitative easing" in October 2014 and actively purchased securities to expand its balance sheet, the current operations of the European Central Bank are based on asset-backed securities (ABS) and asset-covered bonds ( The stock of these two securities is quite limited, and the scale of purchases by the European Central Bank in the past few months is not even enough to hedge the impact of bank repayments.

From this point of view, if President Draghi is to realize President Draghi's commitment to restore the European Central Bank's balance sheet to the level of early 2012, it is essential to expand the target of "quantitative easing" to the national debt of member states. In order to obtain a compromise from Germany, the European Central Bank is currently considering purchasing the sovereign bonds of each country in proportion based on the paid-in capital of the euro area central banks. Other "compromising" arrangements include that in addition to the direct purchase of government bonds by the European Central Bank, part of the government bonds are purchased by central banks of various countries at their own risk. But even if these plans are adopted, there is still uncertainty about whether Germany can reach an agreement with other countries on core issues such as purchase quantity and risk sharing.

In addition, there are certain legal obstacles for the European Central Bank to directly purchase the treasury bonds of member countries in the region. In February last year, the German Federal Constitutional Court expressed concerns about OMT, saying that the European Central Bank's OMT may violate EU law and requested the European Court of Justice to rule on OMT. If the OMT plan is ultimately ruled as "illegal" by the European Court of Justice, this will also hit the European Central Bank's design of "quantitative easing".

Are European countries drifting apart?

Although building a unified Europe is the dream of many European politicians, and the establishment of the European Union and the launch of the euro also embody the efforts of several generations of Europeans, the author has observed that under the impact of the economic downturn, whether among European countries or In some countries, there are signs of increasingly acute conflicts.

Due to the ongoing economic depression and unemployment, the political forces in Greece, Spain and other countries have become more left-leaning. Not only have far-left parties won more seats in parliament, there are also far-left parties in Greece that may come to power and overturn the agreement with the EU. Fiscal austerity in exchange for the possibility of a bailout deal.

In turn, the German public is increasingly hardline and right-leaning over endless bailouts for other countries, and the talk of allowing Greece to exit the eurozone is representative of this. Some analysts believe that the recent terrorist attacks suffered by France are partly due to the rise of far-right forces in French society and the intensification of conflicts between Muslim immigrants.

And if the decision to remain sterling was controversial in the UK at the dawn of the euro, today there are undoubtedly more Britons who feel lucky to be independent from the eurozone. Prime Minister Cameron even has plans to hold a referendum in 2016 to decide whether the UK should leave the EU.

From this point of view, the contradictions in the policies of the major European central banks may be just a microcosm of the various conflicts that are emerging throughout Europe. Even if Germany finally agrees to the ECB to implement a certain scale of member country debt purchases, many deep-seated problems within Europe will not has been solved.

In turn, if the European Central Bank eventually directly purchases Greek bonds that have long been "junk grade", it will even cause more anger and dissatisfaction among Germans. The author believes that although it is too early to conclude that the EU or the Eurozone will eventually fall apart, it is also an indisputable fact that the Eurozone has not experienced the test of a real crisis since its establishment. Currently, under the continuing impact of the European debt crisis and economic depression, Europe's progress from monetary integration to fiscal and even political integration will not be smooth sailing, but there is also the risk of possible reversal, which requires close attention. Photographer/Wang Xiaodong[Weibo]

(The author is chief economist of Mizuho Securities Asia)

How To Protect The Environment (5 Selected Articles)

Keywords: government; functions; environmental protection

After the spirit of the 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was put forward, governments at all levels are facing the task of transforming their functions in the process of improving the social market economy system. How can the government play its role in protecting the environment? It has become the main task that the people's government needs to study now. In the process of functional transformation practice, a market that only cares about short-term economic interests and despises environmental protection occurs. In order to promote the sustainable and healthy development of the national economy, when exerting the government's function of protecting the environment, a series of effective and feasible measures must be formulated so that the government can play an increasingly important role in protecting the environment.

1. Effectively combine economic development with environmental protection

The ultimate goal of the government's work is to better develop social productive forces, thereby improving people's living standards and benefiting the masses. However, once too much emphasis is placed on economic benefits and neglect of environmental protection, the goal of economic development will also not be achieved. Because historical development has also proved that environmental damage and pollution are caused by economic development. In recent years, due to some economic development and development, global warming, natural economic scarcity, floods, waterlogging, earthquakes and other phenomena have occurred from time to time, forcing people to pay a heavy price. If the relationship between development and the environment is not resolved reasonably, Not only will it lead to the old routine of pollution first and treatment later, it will also be potentially dangerous. Therefore, for the state government, it is necessary to strictly supervise economic development, not to prevent development, but to effectively prevent and control environmental persecution while developing. Designate a series of measures and laws to strictly regulate some development and utilization, allowing the economy to develop healthily on the basis of protecting the environment.

2. Effectively combine the market economy system with environmental protection

Under the conditions of the economic market, all economic activities must abide by certain laws of value and implement equivalent exchanges. Some products sold by companies are valuable, but the environment shared by people is priceless. Moreover, some business leaders, driven by economic interests, do not hesitate to sacrifice the environment to achieve corporate economic benefits. They waste a lot of resources and pollute the environment with some backward processes, and produce inferior products at cheap costs. These phenomena require government supervision. However, under my country's current economic system, policies are relatively loose, and government management cannot keep up, which prevents some advanced, energy-saving, and clean technologies from being developed better, ultimately destroying the health of the socialist economic system and causing damage to the environment. , hindering economic development. To solve this problem, the government and the people need to take joint responsibility, develop a reasonable management system, formulate the content of people's supervision, strictly investigate and deal with some enterprises that produce low-cost and shoddy products, and let the economic system and protection links of the social market effectively combined.

3. Effectively combine international cooperation with environmental protection

In today's world, many developed countries transport some garbage that cannot be disposed of in their own countries to other poor countries. They use less than a ton and 10 US dollars as bait. If the national government had not strictly prohibited it, otherwise it would have been Many environmental problems have arisen. On the other hand, many of the products exported from my country do not have green labels, and some have been rejected by foreign countries on the grounds of environmental protection. Therefore, if we want to better protect the environment and develop the economy, we must strictly implement legislative supervision and enforce the implementation of less pollution and pollution-free cleaning processes. In addition, for some environments, it is itself a huge economic benefit resource. Regions such as Guilin and Jiangnan in our country are holy places to visit. These are precious things for us humans. Effectively controlling environmental pollution can attract more people to China and effectively develop my family’s economy. Therefore, the team members’ environment Protection is very important, and people's governments at all levels must also shoulder their own responsibilities and take the work of protecting the environment from its core.

4. Effectively combine political stability with environmental protection

In today's era, environmental issues have gradually become an important aspect of the contest between government forces. For example, in the United Nations Environment Assembly in Brazil, heads of state from 102 countries have participated in the meeting, which is also known as the summit meeting of the earth. This also marks that the environment has become a theme of today's era. Because of this, many countries have paid more attention to environmental issues. Our political power in China is a democratic dictatorship that serves the people. Our government is also working hard to develop the economy effectively and has also made environmental protection a basic national policy of the country. At the same time, this is also a good example of the government and the party being responsible and serving the people. Once we do not pay attention to environmental protection but only focus on economic development, it will lead to environmental degradation and pollution that disturbs people, which will inevitably affect political stability. Therefore, governments at all levels of the country need to be responsible for the people and focus on protecting the environment to ensure long-term peace and stability of the country and the happiness of the people.

Conclusion: In short, the government needs to formulate strategies that can better develop the economy and society, and it must develop the economy better from the perspective of environmental protection. But on the other hand, environmental protection also needs economic support. Regarding the government's environmental protection departments, they must provide proactive services and insist on providing the best environmental protection services. Economic development needs to provide effective support for environmental protection and contribute to the protection of the environment, resources and the sustainable development of resources. Regarding the government's function of protecting the environment, if the government fails to conduct effective supervision, it will lead to environmental failure, which will have a negative impact on environmental protection. Therefore, if we want to give full play to the government's functions in protecting the environment, we must use market forces to improve the government's role, use laws and regulations to effectively correct market failures, and public supervision and participation. The government's functions of protecting the environment can be better exerted and environmental problems can be better solved.


[1] Gao Zhonghua, Choice Theory on Environmental Issues: Rational Thinking in the Era of Ecological Civilization [J], Social Science Literature, 2009 (25)

[2] Cheng Yuanyuan, Research on the Environmental Protection Function of Local Governments under the Large-Ministry Framework [J] Song "How Are You, Earth" , Journal of Lanzhou Business University, 2008 (6)

How to protect the environment sample article 2

1. Prevent environmental pollution caused by production and living activities, including prevention and control of pollution caused by "three wastes" emitted from industrial production, smoke, sewage and garbage emitted by radioactive substances in urban life.

2. Prevent environmental damage caused by construction and development activities, including preventing environmental pollution and damage caused by the construction of large-scale water conservancy projects , airports and large-scale industrial projects, agricultural reclamation and lake reclamation activities, Environmental damage and impacts from the development of offshore oil fields, forests and mineral resources.

3. Protect natural environments of special value, including providing effective protection for rare species and their living environments, special natural development history relics, geological phenomena, landforms and landscapes, etc.

How to protect the environment sample article 3

1. After learning the knowledge of "sulfur and its compounds", introduce "acid rain"

Ingredients: sulfuric acid (H2SO4), nitric acid (HNO3), organic acids, etc.

Formation: combustion of sulfur- and nitrogen-containing fuels, arbitrary emissions of waste gases in chemical production.

Facts and hazards: "Acid rain" in the British industrial city of London in the 1940s, and "acid rain" in an American industrial city in the 1950s. Since the 1980s, large areas of "acid rain" have occurred in industrial cities such as Chongqing and Guiyang in southern my country, as well as four consecutive black rains in Chongqing in 1994.

"Acid rain" can cause industrial machinery to rust and shorten its life; it can cause certain heavy metal element compounds deposited in rivers and lakes to dissolve and enter the bodies of fish and shellfish. These toxic heavy metal elements can harm human health through the food chain; it can cause Soil acidification can cause a significant reduction in crop yields and can corrode some highly valuable ancient cultural relics. Elimination measures: ① Reduce pollution sources, use low-sulfur coal, or process sulfur-containing fuel to desulfurize. ②Open up new energy sources, such as the development and utilization of solar energy and atomic energy. ③ Optimize the industrial structure, conduct comprehensive treatment of industrial waste gas, increase the recycling rate, and turn harm into benefit.

2. After learning the knowledge of "oxygen and its compounds", focus on introducing "ozone hole" and "photochemical smog"

Ingredients: Nitrogen oxides (NOX), sulfur oxides (SOX), and "fluorochloroalkanes" used as refrigerator refrigerants, etc.

Formation: The source of oxides is the same as the "acid rain" part, and fluorochloroalkanes come from the extensive use of human refrigerants. The reaction between these substances and ozone is:

NO+O3=NO2+O2O3 光光O2+OCl·+O3=ClO+O2ClO+O=Cl·+O2 That is: 2O3=3O2

We can see that the atomic chlorine produced by the decomposition of nitrogen oxides and fluorochloroalkanes acts as a catalyst in the decomposition of ozone, accelerating the decomposition of ozone and reducing ozone in the ozone layer, thus forming a "hole" in the ozone layer. When the concentration of nitrogen and sulfur oxides reaches a certain level in the air where humans live, they form photochemical "smog" after photochemical reactions.

Facts and hazards: In 1952, the world's first "photochemical smog" occurred in Los Angeles, USA, known as the "Los Angeles Smog". More than 500 people died in this incident. On June 2, 1995, a "photochemical smog" incident also occurred in Shanghai, my country. Photochemical smog can seriously hurt people's eyes, nose, and throat. In severe cases, it can make people choke in tears and cause respiratory tract infections. This is a warning issued by nature to humans.

There is an ozone layer above the earth 25 kilometers to 50 kilometers above the ground, which contains about 90% of ozone. When the light radiated by the sun passes through the ozone layer, its wavelength is in the range of 200 to 300 microns, which is harmful to life on the earth. Most of the ultraviolet rays are absorbed, thus protecting the existence and continuation of life on earth. The emergence of the "hole" in the ozone layer allows ultraviolet rays radiated from the sun to pass through the "hole" and directly reach the earth, thereby harming all living things around the world. In recent years, human cancers, eye diseases, skin diseases and some unknown diseases have continued to occur. Some plants have died for unknown reasons. One of the important factors is ultraviolet radiation.

Elimination measures: In addition to the methods in the "acid rain" section mentioned above, it is very important to limit the flight of ultra-high-speed aircraft. Ultra-high-speed aircraft fly at an altitude of more than 20 kilometers, and the nitrogen and sulfur oxides they emit are particularly damaging to the ozone layer. Fluorochloroalkanes are the main components of refrigerants. Restricting the use of fluorochloroalkanes and finding new pollution-free refrigerants are the development direction of the refrigeration industry today. It is reported that new halogen-free refrigerants have been synthesized and begun to be used in industrial production.

3. After learning the knowledge of "hydrocarbons, petroleum, and coal", focus on the "greenhouse effect"

The gases that produce the "greenhouse effect" are called "greenhouse gases". The gas that causes the "greenhouse effect" is mainly carbon dioxide, and the fastest growing gas is chlorofluorocarbons.

Formation: combustion of carbonaceous fuels (such as petroleum coal), respiration of animals, oxidation and decomposition of organic matter, and arbitrary emissions of waste gases in industrial production. More importantly, the large-scale destruction of forests and the reduction of green plants have destroyed the inherent balance between humans, nature and the ecosystem, leading to excess and increasing carbon dioxide.

Facts and hazards: Because "greenhouse gases" hinder the diffusion of energy on the earth, the temperature of the earth's surface increases, the air temperature warms, the evaporation rate of water accelerates, and the atmospheric circulation is disordered, causing frequent occurrences of natural disasters such as droughts and floods. The greenhouse environment accelerates the reproduction of pests and mice, seriously endangering human health and plant growth. According to reports, as surface temperatures rise, glaciers and ice caps in the polar regions and high mountains begin to melt. In addition, rising temperatures cause the volume of seawater to expand, which may cause sea levels to rise, inundating some coastal plains and deltas, and reducing land. , causing global population mobility and increasing social instability.

How to protect the environment sample article 4

teaching objectives


1. Use examples to illustrate that environment is the basic condition for human survival.

2. Understand that protecting the environment is a basic national policy of our country, and everyone is responsible for protecting the environment.


1. Express anger at people and things that damage the environment.

2. We are willing to join hands with people around the world to make our own contribution to protecting the environment.


1. Do not do anything that pollutes or damages the environment.

2. Actively participate in public welfare activities to protect the environment.

3. Discourage others from polluting the environment.

Teaching suggestions

Textbook analysis

This lesson is compiled based on the teaching content and basic requirements of "Protecting the Environment" in the sixth-grade "Ethics in Public Life" curriculum standard. The first and second grade students have already been educated on caring for flowers, trees, and environmental sanitation. Students know that flowers, plants, and trees are good for people and must be cared for. Environmental sanitation makes people live a happy life and should be maintained. The third to fifth grade students received education on caring for beneficial animals and protecting rare animals. The environmental protection taught in this lesson covers content from grades one to five, and is more general and in-depth. Through teaching, students should understand that the environment is the basic condition for human survival, and everyone is responsible for protecting the environment. The behavioral requirements for students are also relatively high. They must consciously protect the environment and not do anything that pollutes the environment; they must care for mountains, forests, green spaces and beneficial and rare animals; they must actively participate in public welfare activities that protect the environment. This lesson has a certain depth and difficulty , because only by theoretically clarifying the importance of protecting the environment can it be possible to show it in action.

This lesson begins with three photos for students to discuss how they would feel if they lived in such an environment. The textbook only selected photos of three situations in which the environment is polluted: garbage polluting the environment, large amounts of industrial waste gas polluting the atmosphere, and industrial wastewater polluting rivers. It can be said that no one wants to live in a polluted environment, which naturally leads to the theme of this lesson.

The key point of this lesson is to understand that protecting the environment is a basic national policy of our country, and everyone is responsible for protecting the environment.

Sharing suggestions

1. This lesson can be introduced with environmental protection songs to create situations and arouse students' interest.

2. When talking about the issue of environmental pollution, you can tell students the top ten major pollution hazards in the world. As sixth-grade students, they should understand them.

3. The World Environmental Protection Day on June 5 can be clearly explained to students.

4. You can use multimedia to play some videos on environmental pollution to attract students' attention.

5. Students can be mobilized to act as little guardians of the earth to carry out environmental protection propaganda and take their own responsibilities.

Instructional Design Examples

Lesson 8 Protecting the Environment for Human Living

teaching objectives


1. Use examples to illustrate that environment is the basic condition for human survival.

2. Understand that protecting the environment is a basic national policy of our country, and everyone is responsible for protecting the environment.


1. Express anger at people and things that damage the environment.

2. We are willing to join hands with people around the world to make our own contribution to protecting the environment.


1. Do not do anything that pollutes or damages the environment.

2. Actively participate in public welfare activities to protect the environment.

3. Discourage others from polluting the environment.

Teaching process

1. Introduction of new courses

Before the lecture, play the first verse of the song "How Are You, Earth" . Introducing the topic also attracts students' interest. Let students approach the environment around us in

Then play the video – "The Environment We Live in" download

Question: After watching this video, do you know what the top ten environmental problems in the world are?

Student answer

The world's top ten environmental problems are: 1. Climate warming. 2. Destruction of the ozone layer. 3. Biodiversity decreases. 4. Acid rain spreads. 5. Forests are declining sharply. 6. Land desertification. 7. Air pollution. 8. Water pollution. 9. Marine pollution. 10. Solid waste pollution.

Then take a look and play "The Atmospheric Environment Around Us", download "The Water Environment Around Us", and download "The Acoustic Environment Around Us". Let students watch the video content carefully. And caused students to realize that such an environment should be protected. Then take a look at what the world has done to protect the environment, leading to World Environment Day. Open the book and have students draw the time and content. And show the chart 'World Environment Day themes over the years' to the students. Let students summarize the meaning of 'World Environment Day'.

Write the corresponding writing on the blackboard: World Environmental Protection Day – June 5th, care, protect and improve

2. Class discussion

Show some pictures or videos of 'environment being destroyed'

Play videos: "The Crying and Laughing Earth", "What It Looks Like Without Water", "Passion and Tenderness, etc."

open discussion:

1. Are you willing to live and study in such an environment?

2. In order to protect the environment, what should we do?

3. Talk about what your family has done to protect the environment, and what should you do in the future?

4. How does our class take practical actions to protect the school and its surrounding environment? Talk about your thoughts.

Students can speak freely, and teachers can provide additional explanations based on students' answers and highlight key points. Praise the students who answered well and encourage other students to learn from them. Ask the students who answered well to write down their good habits at home on the blackboard. Then play some targeted videos to see how other children protect the environment.

What good measures and methods does our government have to protect the environment?

student discussion

Summary: Create a large number of "field protection forests" and "windbreak forests", control "three wastes", control "white pollution", conduct air quality forecasts, etc., and continuously improve people's living environment. Since the reform and opening up, many cities have become "environmental protection model cities". Please look at this vibrant, beautiful and charming city – Dalian.

Show the environmental map of Dalian City.

Question: Why is Dalian’s environment so picturesque and how do Dalian people protect the environment?

Summary: Dalian City, from leaders to citizens, attaches great importance to protecting the environment. The Dalian people’s "Three Controls" have taught us that protecting the environment should start with small things around us, and not do things that pollute or damage the environment. .

Writing on the blackboard: Don’t pollute or destroy

3. Behavior guidance:

Question: What can our children do to protect the environment? Please introduce some examples. (Guide and write on the blackboard)

Blackboard writing: Participate in environmental protection activities

Discourage polluting behavior

The teacher guides and advises students to become green consumers.


Some suggestions for being a green consumer:

Separate and place garbage at home

Use phosphate-free laundry detergent

Don’t use disposable items

Buy products with green environmental labels

Use the knowledge learned today to evaluate whether the following behavior is correct or not: "Discussion" column, students discuss.

Summary: Treat waste correctly, do not do anything that pollutes the environment, and develop good environmentally friendly habits.

4. Conclusion: Let us appeal to all mankind: For our beautiful and brilliant tomorrow, please protect our living environment!

Play the last section of the downloaded video "How Are You, Earth"? The teacher leads the students to sing along with the music and ends the lesson.

Attached: blackboard writing

world environment day {concern


How to protect the environment sample article 5

Keywords: environmental education; urbanization process; content discovery

CLC classification number: G420 Document identification code: A Article number: 1992-7711 (2013) 10-018-1

1. A deeper understanding of children’s environmental education in the process of urbanization

In the past, we had a conceptual deviation in understanding early childhood environmental education, and simply equated environmental education with environmental protection activities. When we carry out environmental education activities, we can say that we carry out more environmental education activities. We pay special attention to "turning waste into treasure" in our daily life. Not only do the teachers themselves reflect the transformation of waste into treasure in the environment layout, but also the children, with the help of their parents, continue to make some of the waste items in their lives into exquisite and interesting objects. . When organizing educational activities, we also pay more attention to "not littering", "saving water resources" and "protecting animals and plants" as the main content of the activities.

Now, we clearly realize that we will continue to do what we have done before, but our vision of environmental education should be broadened. Environmental education is not only environmental protection, but also includes adaptation to the living environment, optimization of the spiritual environment, etc. Moreover, for the topics we study, we must seize the key point of "urbanization process" to develop personalized teaching; we must also seize the key point of "only-child children in modern society must integrate into collective life" to develop "people are living in the environment". in” teaching. Therefore, we must first understand what kind of special process urbanization is, what aspects have changed during this process, and what kind of adjustments need to be made. Only by clarifying the characteristics of this special period can we carry out various environmental education activities for young children more appropriately and effectively.

2. Exploring more aspects of the content of early childhood environmental education in the process of urbanization

Because we have a new understanding of the concept of environmental education for young children in the process of urbanization, we have made more targeted choices in terms of content. In environmental education, we have discovered more knowledge and problems that need to be mastered by young children. Implementing them in a planned way highlights the key point of "urbanization in the process".

1. Traffic rules.

The transition from rural to urban areas can be clearly seen on roads and buildings. What used to be winding field roads have now been transformed into broad, flat roads extending in all directions. The means of transportation used by people to travel have also undergone tremendous changes. In the past, people walked, rode bicycles, and drove motorcycles. But now, the most common people on the road are speeding cars. Traffic lights were set up at every intersection, and viaducts came into being. All of a sudden, people's ideas have not changed. Bicycles and electric scooters walk leisurely on the motorway. They don't look at the red or green lights when crossing the road, and the zebra crossings on the ground are in vain. It is said that our country has the largest number of road traffic accident deaths, ranking first in the world for several consecutive years. How can we better let young children feel and understand these? How do we train young children to develop good habits and consciously abide by traffic rules from an early age? This will become an important aspect of our environmental education in the future. The road is an environment. We must use education to help children better adapt to this environment and make the environment better serve people.

2. Public health.

In the process of rural urbanization, our lifestyle and quality have undergone earth-shaking changes. In the past, people lived in the houses they built in villages. As long as they walked through the door, they entered their own home. They could do whatever they wanted without any restrictions. All the facilities and equipment in the house belonged to them and no one else could use them. And precisely because of urbanization, the family's house was demolished, and everyone moved to resettlement housing and came to the community. There are several families living in one gate, and tens of thousands of people live in one community. Therefore, how to maintain public health in corridors, how to protect public fitness facilities, and how to clean up the environment of the entire community will all be problems faced by everyone.

Our kindergarten can teach children the importance and necessity of maintaining public health through various forms and methods such as talking, telling stories, singing songs, and practicing. We also hope that through the education of young children, we can drive the whole family to reach a consensus in this regard, and drive more people to work together to protect our living environment and improve people's quality of life.

3. Be polite and polite.

We rarely listed civility and courtesy in the content of environmental education before, but if we think about it carefully, it is indeed a humanistic environment. This is especially important in our society, which is developing rapidly in all aspects. Most of today's children are only children. They are the "little emperors" and "little princesses" at home, and the whole family revolves around them. However, it seems to be relatively lacking in civilized and polite education. Children are willful, domineering, and disrespectful of adults. Therefore, experts ask us to grasp the key point of "only-child children in modern society must be integrated into collective life" to carry out the teaching of "people live in the environment", I think the content of "civilization and politeness" is also relatively important. important.

In the past, when living in a home built by oneself, activities at home would not affect the lives of others, but now there are neighbors upstairs and downstairs. Children should be allowed to understand that their actions may affect them. For example, if a neighbor works the night shift, our activities at home should not be too loud, so as not to affect their rest; if our neighbor is in difficulty, we must actively care and help. In short, living in a community brings more contact and interconnection with others. We must educate young children to live in harmony with everyone, educate young children to interact with others generously, keep civility and courtesy in mind, and at the same time, be able to calmly feel and treat the care and love given by others.

4. Symbol recognition.

Various symbols appear more and more in our lives. In the community, on the road, and in different public places, there are symbols with different meanings. They effectively help and guide us to quickly make relevant distinctions and judgments. Allowing young children to recognize various symbols in their surrounding environment can help them better adapt to and deal with life.